Hydrangeas are extraordinary and beautiful plants and for this reason they are widely used by florists and wedding planners for important gifts or surprising decorations.
Although, in reality, according to their meaning they are unsuitable for the celebration of love.
Their history is linked to the naturalist Philibert Commenson, who brought this flower to Europe for the first time from Asia and gave it the name of the woman he loved. But unfortunately she was married to a dear friend of hers and therefore could not return her love.
For this reason, hydrangea symbolizes detachment, abandonment and the pains of love.
But abandonment can also be interpreted as an inevitable revival.
In fact, hydrangeas, to grow healthy and beautiful and bloom regularly, need proper pruning.
How To Do A Perfect Pruning Of Your Hydrangea?
Hydrangeas should be planted in the shaded area of the garden.
These plants do not need abundant water, but they need a good air exchange.
For this reason, since they grow quickly and also to give them a nice neat shape and promote flowering, it is necessary to thin the bush regularly once a year.
When Should Hydrangeas Be Pruned?
But be careful because not all hydrangeas should be pruned at the same time.
For good pruning, two factors must first be considered: the variety and the flowering period.
- For the first, hydrangeas are divided into shrubs and creepers.
- For the second, there are hydrangeas that bloom on the branches of the year (new branches) and hydrangeas that bloom on the branches of the previous year (old branches).
Generally, shrub hydrangeas bloom on new branches, but if you have a particular species, check with your nurseryman.
Poor pruning can do more harm than good, blocking the growth of the hydrangea or making it sick. Many gardeners even say that pruning is preferable to bad pruning.
So be sure to learn about the variety and characteristics of your hydrangea before you prune it to make sure you don’t make any mistakes.
For perfect pruning, get a pair of strong, sharp scissors.
You can use shears, which are ideal for the fleshy branches of hydrangeas, because they allow a clean cut without crushing. In fact, poorly cut or frayed branches can become an ideal refuge for many pests, which could infect the plant and prevent its flowering, which is why using the right gardening tools is very important.
Pruning Hydrangeas Growing On Old Branches
Hydrangeas growing on old branches bloom in early summer and flowers die in mid-autumn. At the same time, the plant begins to generate shoots that will flower the following year.
Among others, they bloom on the new branches: the hyndrangea macrophylla, the hyndrangeaquercifolia, the aspera, the serrata and the climbing varieties.
- These hydrangea varieties must be pruned when flowering begins to decline, before the plant begins to produce new shoots. You have to cut over the first pair of buds.
- In addition, it is always good to remove the wilted flowers, to give the hydrangea a florid and tidy appearance during flowering.
- Then, to invigorate the plant, you can remove the older stems, the darker ones and the ones with the wrinkled bark. You have to cut them right at the base.
Pruning Hydrangeas Growing On New Branches
Hydrangeas growing on new branches every spring produce new branches that will give flowers in summer. These varieties flower later, because they need more time to generate new buds.
This is the case, for example, with the varieties hydrangea paniculata and hydragea arborescens.
- These hydrangeas should be pruned in the spring before they develop new flowers. If you want your plant to produce larger flowers, you have to cut all the branches, pruning at about half a metre from the ground and leaving a maximum of three basal buds. If you want a plant with small, thick flowers, prune lightly and leave the hydrangea at its natural height.
- Cut all dry and twisted branches to allow air to pass through and make the plant grow strong and healthy.
- But leave a few older, stronger branches of wood to support the plant. The flowers of hydrangea are, in fact, quite heavy.
The Pruning Of The Hydrangeas And The Waning Moon
And, in conclusion, a piece of advice that comes directly from our grandparents.
For the peasant tradition, the phases of the moon have an important influence on the agricultural activities.
According to this belief, the growing or full moon exerts an invigorating power on plants and increases lymphatic activity.
This is why old farmers prune when the moon falls, so less lymph circulation allows the cut to heal better and protects the plant from rottenness or parasite attacks.
Therefore, if you like old and wise farming traditions, prune your hydrangea a few days after the full moon.