Climbing jasmine is a fragrant perennial shrub, perfect for covering pergolas and walls or creating natural barriers in gardens and balconies. It also fits well in the apartment for its versatility and ease of cultivation.
It is a plant native to the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, and also China and India.
It belongs to the genus Jasminum, of the family of the Oleaceae, of which the olive tree is also part.
The name jasmine comes from Arabic and means “gift of God”. For this reason, jasmine has always been the symbol of purity and femininity.
The Varieties Of Climbing Jasmine
More than 200 varieties belong to jasmine.
Among the most common in Italy, we can find both plants that bloom in spring and others that bloom in autumn. Let’s see together which are the most common:
- Jasminum officinale – The common jasmine, or even white jasmine. It is a very rustic climbing plant, which when grown in the ground can reach 7/8 meters in height. It blooms at the end of spring/beginning of summer, producing small, white, highly perfumed flowers. It is certainly the most widespread species in Italy, is very resistant and withstands even cold winters.
- Jasminum grandiflorum – or jasmine of Spain. It prefers regions with a temperate climate and has a long flowering period from March to December.
- Jasminum polyanthum – is a variety of climbing and evergreen jasmine, which can reach 2.5 meters high. It blooms during the winter period, with fragrant flowers, gathered in clusters.
- Jasminum primulinum – also known as spring jasmine. It blooms from spring to summer, and can have white or yellow flowers, with a delicate scent.
- Jasminum angulare – evergreen with white flowers.
- Jasminum beesianum – variety with deciduous leaves, with small red flowers grouped in bunches.
- Jasminum tortuosum – with fragrant white flowers.
How To Care For Climbing Jasmine
The climbing jasmine is a shrub that can be grown both in the ground and in pots.
It is a plant of easy cultivation, which does not require special care, suitable even for those who are not very familiar with gardening.
Let’s see together all the attention to get the best results from our jasmine.
Climbing jasmine prefers a mild climate, although it also withstands the cold of winter.
The best choice is to position it in a sunny and bright place, because it prefers direct sunlight. It grows also in mid-shade areas, provided it gets direct light for a few hours a day.
It is important to know that climbing jasmine does not tolerate strong winds. Therefore, it is best to plant it sheltered from gusts of wind, near a wall or behind large shrubs.
At home, it is advisable to place them near windows or natural light sources.
There are varieties that are better suited to pot cultivation than others. In any case, a pot should be used that is as wide and deep as possible and no less than 30 cm in diameter. In addition, it is advisable to choose terracotta pots, which promote the oxygenation of the soil and roots.
Jasmine grown in pots should be repotted once a year. If your jasmine blooms in the spring, repot in September, do this in early spring for jasmine blooms in the winter. This is because the roots of the jasmine grow quickly and you need to give it enough space at all times.
Climbing jasmine grows quickly and quickly covers the walls to which it is anchored.
Therefore, whether grown in pots or in the ground, it will need support around which to develop.
They can therefore be placed next to other plants more rigid to which they can cling or at the base of gazebos or railings to which tie the shoots that will integrate with the supporting structure.
Or, you can use the special supports for plants found in the shops of gardening articles or, if you prefer a more rustic solution, you can also use reeds or sticks.
As the plant grows, the shoots should be tied with threads of natural raffia, being careful not to tie them too tightly so as not to damage the stem.
Climbing jasmine should be pruned regularly to remove dry branches and allow new shoots to grow. This will ensure that the plant is dense and compact.
Climbing jasmine needs a soft, deep soil in which to develop its roots.
Water stagnation, dangerous for the roots, must be avoided, as it could cause them to rot, causing the death of the jasmine.
The ideal soil must be rich in organic substances, fertile and well drained. To facilitate drainage, it can be mixed with the soil from the peat and sand garden. If, on the other hand, we cultivate our jasmine in a pot, we can use the pebbles or the small balls of expanded clay at the base of the pot.
Climbing jasmine needs few but correct fertilization practices.
To strengthen the plant, during the flowering period it uses a fertilizer containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
To grow your plant vigorously and if you like natural remedies, add decomposing leaves to the soil to ensure a nutritional supply to the roots.
And in winter, in view of the imminent vegetative recovery, fertilize the plant with mature organic material, i.e. compost or manure.
Remember that climbing jasmine has very delicate roots and does not tolerate prolonged periods of cold, which could cause the loss of leaves. For this reason, in winter you can keep the roots sheltered and protect them from frost by sprinkling the soil, near the roots, with chopped straw and bark.
Climbing jasmine doesn’t need much water.
Water jasmine regularly to ensure that the soil remains constantly moist. Above all, care must be taken to avoid waterlogging, which would irreparably damage the roots.
Watering must be more frequent in the summer season, and almost absent in the winter.
As a guideline, you could water every two weeks in the summer, always remembering that jasmine grown outdoors also feeds on rain.
Curative Properties of Climbing Jasmine
Since ancient times, jasmine has been known and used to treat various ailments. Even today, jasmine flowers are widely used in phytotherapy, aromatherapy, homeopathy and cosmetics.
The flowers can be dried and are mixed with the tea leaves and used in confectionery as an essence for biscuits and jams. The aroma of jasmine is already present in history as a fragrance present only on the table of the nobles and the rich, who were proud of it, because it is considered a delicacy.
In addition, from the petals of the flower, through distillation in a current of steam or by enflorage, is extracted
the essential oil of jasmine flowers, widely used for the formulation of creams and essences.
Jasmine can be taken as an infusion, through tea, with a calming, analgesic and sedative effect. Or it can be diluted with other oils and used for massages, for perfuming in environmental diffusers or for relaxing baths.
However, it can be highly irritating to the mucous membranes and therefore must be used with care for external use and is absolutely forbidden for internal use.
Pregnant women are also not recommended to use it.
For oriental disciplines, its tone is associated with the fourth chakra, the one that corresponds to the heart area and, in fact, is used for relaxing the breath and opening towards the other and the world.
Let’s see all the properties that are attributed to jasmine:
- anti-stress – jasmine is a mild sedative, able to relax, help rest and reduce anxiety attacks. It is also indicated against depression.
- expectorant – jasmine is an effective remedy for soothing coughing and breathing problems. It can also be helpful for people who snore a lot.
- calming – used for its analgesic and antispasmodic properties, jasmine is excellent for soothing headaches and pains from menstrual syndrome.
- antioxidant – thanks to the flavonoids contained within it and its antioxidant capabilities, this plant is also a natural anti-aging remedy, because it fights the free radicals responsible for aging cells.
- healing – jasmine has strong antibacterial properties and is therefore used in aesthetics to treat pimples and acne but also wounds and stretch marks.
- aphrodisiac – jasmine oil has an aphrodisiac effect and stimulates libido. In some cases it is used to treat premature ejaculation.
As seen, therefore, there are many benefits that this plant can bring.
To these add that many recommend drinking jasmine green tea, obtained with the use of fresh leaves, for a general charge of well-being and promote their longevity.
Finally, a jasmine bath was once recommended to ward off envy and jealousy from people.